How to Fix Windows Registry Errors

This post would tech you how to fix Windows Registry Errors by yourself!

What is the Registry of a computer?

The registry is essentially a massive internal database containing important, machine specific information regarding almost everything in your machine:

  • System Hardware
  • Installed Software and Drivers
  • System Settings
  • Profile Information

Any long time Windows user knows that a single corrupt registry entry can kill an entire Windows installation! A thing that we can all agree on is the complexity of the Windows operating system, which handles massive amounts of operations. As with all complicated systems a central database system is required to make these operations gel together. The Windows registry is that central database system, utilised by the operating system to store all the most important settings information, for user profiles, software and hardware devices. No matter what you do on your computer, you can be sure some form of footprint will be left behind in your registry.

Make a change to your desktop background, and that change will be saved in the registry. Alter your internet browser homepage, and your registry is changed to reflect that. Install a new program onto your computer, and its settings will be stored in the registry, remove the program and the registry settings are removed right along with it.

The Windows registry was created using a tree-like structure, with its main branches comprised of hives, keys and values.

The hives are:

HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT – This hive holds information on all the registered programs in your computer, including OLE object classes and file associations.
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE – This hive holds most of your hardware settings data, along with third-party and OS application data.
HKEY_USERS – This one holds settings data for all the users of your computer.
HKEY_CURRENT_USER – This hive holds settings data exclusively for the current user profile that you’re logged in with.
HKEY_CURRENT_CONFIG – This one contains settings data for the printer and display. The information in this hive is not permanent, as the data contained within it is loaded each time the computer boots up.

The computer accesses the registry thousands of times per second, so one missing or corrupted registry entry is capable of causing a whole heap of problems for your computer.

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Why Should You Clean The Registry?

As you should already know, everything that occurs on your computer corresponds with the registry with new entries and values being constantly written to. Unfortunately, like with all systems, the registry is not without its flaws and can, over time become inundated with outdated entries. In some situations, these files can even become corrupted, creating additional problems for your computer.

This especially reigns true for those individuals that like to uninstall and install programs a lot, since some applications do not remove the registry entries that they initially created once you remove them.

When you clean the registry, you delete these obsolete entries while repairing the corrupted ones, which ultimately improve the computer’s ability to access the registry.

The less time the operating system needs to access the correct registry entry, the faster it will execute operations. That is how cleaning the registry improves system performance.

Microsoft doesn’t feature a dedicated cleaner tool with their operating system. This means that you are forced to either fix it manually or use a third-party application.

Use System Restore

Before you attempt to fix the registry yourself, you may want to consider Windows System Restore. This tool is capable of re-setting your system by returning your computer back to a previously working state, a verifiable method of fixing quite a few system related issues. The run this tool, you need to follow these steps:

1. Turn on your computer and wait till it has started up. Log in as an admin if you have to.

2. Press Windows Key + R, which will open the Run Command box, then type

rstrui.exe

or if you use Windows XP, type:

%systemroot%\system32\restore\rstrui.exe

into it and click on OK.Fix registry errors

3. This will load up System Restore, from here; follow the onscreen instructions to set your system back to a previously working state.Fix windows registry errors

Note: Malicious files are capable of disabling System Restore and deleting previously saved restore points. In addition, your own internet security software may block any attempt by System Restore to edit or modify your original Windows settings, effectively negating any benefits of using this feature.

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How To Access Registry Editor

There is no doubt about it, that at some point you may be required to repair the registry errors on your computer. Malicious files are capable of infecting your system and reining havoc in a number of different ways.

However, before you attempt to repair the registry yourself, you will first need to back it up. This can be done by doing the following:

1. First, boot into your computer, make sure you have full administrative rights.

2. Then press Windows Key + R, (to open the Run Command box) then type regedit and click on OK.How to fix windows registry errors

3. Once Registry Editor loads up, click on File -> Export and save a backup of your registry to your computer.Fix windows registry errors

Once you’ve done that, you will need to access the registry (using the steps above) and manually go through the various registry keys and edit and/or delete were applicable. A task, which can be very time consuming, complex and damn right hopeless, which is why most people opt for third-party tools.

Using Third Party Tools

Because Microsoft doesn’t feature a built-in utility for cleaning the registry, the end user is forced to either do it him or herself or use a tool. When it comes to using tools, it’s best to stay away from the registry cleaners that claim to be able to fix all the problems on your computer, as you will be disappointed. That said, there are some free solutions that will do the trick, but ultimately, you’ll need to go with a paid solution that has the following attributes:

  • Positive industry and user reviews
  • Registry backup capabilities
  • Claims to fixing a realistic number of errors

This is a guest post from Uchenna from compuchenna blog. To submit your own guest post, kindly send me a mail.

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